The Effects of Sugar on Your Health Are Not So Sweet
Sugar has a lot of harmful health effects, whether it is refined sugar (processed sugar), table sugar or a natural sweetener like raw or honey sugar. Studies show that excessive intake of sugar can lead to many diseases and harmful effects on metabolism.
Natural sugars are sugars found in food products like milk, fruit, grains and vegetables. Natural occurring sugars in milk and fruit are lactose and fructose. Although they are natural, consuming too much could effect your health negatively.
Here are 8 reasons why sugars are considered harmful to the health:
- Tooth Decay and Empty Calories
Sugar compounds like sucrose and fructose (corn syrup) offer calories with no essential nutrients, they are referred to as empty calories. They provide a high-energy source and lack vitamin, proteins, minerals and essential fats. Sugars also provide food for the harmful bacteria present in the mouth; this can lead to tooth decay.
- Excess load on your Liver
Sugars contains an equal amount of fructose and glucose. Sugars are broken down in the digestive tract into two sugars called fructose and glucose before absorption takes places in the bloodstream.
When you eat unreasonable amounts of fructose, the glycogen is stored in the liver. This can overload the liver, and it can force the organ to convert fructose into fat.
- Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
Consuming too much fructose can cause non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Fructose is released out of the body in the form of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol particles. When the fructose is not released completely, it can lead to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease that is related to metabolic disorders.
- Insulin Resistance
Insulin is an essential hormone that allows glucose to move into the cells from the bloodstream. Excess sugar in your blood can lead to excess glucose in the body, which then could result in diabetes, blindness and neuropathy.
Many studies indicate that excess sugar consumption is related to insulin resistance and has lead to severe diseases like obesity, type II diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disease.
The metabolic problems related to excess intake of sugar is a potential cause of cancer. Many studies show that people that consume excess sugar are at higher risk of cancer.
Glucose and fructose sugars metabolize differently but have the same calorific value. Fructose can destroy the cell more than glucose because the sugar is attached to cellular proteins. The sugar also releases a high number of reactive oxygen, like hydrogen peroxide, that is harmful to the body.
- Fat-Promoting Effects
Many food products are not processed equally. There are some types of foods that can affect our hormones and brains.
Recent research indicates that fructose has a different satiety effect, unlike glucose. During the studies, participants were told to drink glucose-sweetened or fructose-sweetened. After a few minutes, the fructose drinkers had low activity in the satiety centers of the brain and increased hunger.
In another study, the fructose doesn’t lessen the hunger hormone more than the glucose. When the calories in the high-fructose corn syrup are not coming, this means that excess sugar consumption has increased the calorie intake.
- Highly Addictive
Excess intake of sugar causes the dopamine to be released at the center of the brain. As a result of this, a lot of people are at risk to develop an addiction.
Excessive intake of sugar and junk foods can lead to the massive release of dopamine; this doesn’t occur in natural food. Many people that are vulnerable to addiction can become highly addicted to sugar and other junk foods.
When sugar affects the brain and the hormones, it can lead to weight gain. This can decrease the satiety of people that are addicted to sugar intake and lose control over food consumption.
Many studies indicate that there is a strong association between obesity and sugar consumption. This is common to people of all age groups.
Excess intake of fructose can lead to some health problems such as heart disease; raise blood glucose, oxidized low-density lipoprotein known as oxysterol, and increased abnormal obesity that can occur within three months.